Coral paradise of Australia
Coral paradise of Australia, so called famous Great Barrier Reef is the largest bio-systems on
the planet and one of the few sites that can be seen from outer space. The barrier reef is located on an area of 348,698 square kilometers between Cape York in the north and Lady Elliot Island to the south.
It includes nearly 2900 reef, over 300 islands and coral cays, some of which are covered with exotic vegetation. The Great Barrier Reef is the longest coral reef in the world (2000 km). Home to over 400 species of coral formations and 1,500 species of fish. Among its unique inhabitants are whales, killer whales, the great green turtle “sea cow” and others, endangered, species. Due to the uniqueness of its nature, coral reef is under the auspices of UNESCO.
“Its residents” live in huge groups, each of which is developed by individual coral polyps that divide repeatedly. In appearance they resemble sea anemones. They consist of soft body enclosed in an external skeleton, forming reef. For its part, the living coral reef arises from the alternation of live to dead coral formations. The accumulation of corals is derived from the skeletons of dead organisms already on growing up living.
The notion of a unique flower fairy in the ocean is a consequence of the vividness and variety of colors of coral formations. The Great Barrier Reef is known as one of the most interesting geological sites on the planet and because of his hard rifoobrazni reliefs – extremely diverse in their shapes and sizes. It is in the area of the Great Barrier Reef was opened and the smallest vertebrate life form in the world.
A team of Australian and American scientists called the fish inhabiting the coral reef lagoons, Schindleria brevipinguis. Although ocean biologists know of its existence since 1979, they have only recently been able to clarify its origin and variety. Prof. Dr. Tom Trinski and his colleague from the Australian Museum Dr. Jeff Lace believe that Schindleria brevipinguis, weighing only 1 milligram and 7-8 millimeters long, is a new kind of organic life in the region.
But as alarming alert world news agencies, the life of the coral paradise of Australia is endangered. Overfishing of ocean fish, serious pollution and soil erosion in coastal farms are the main reasons for the appeal of environmentalists. Their plan to protect the barrier reef relies on strict ban on fishing in the main part of its territory. Another reason for their concern is linked to global warming of Earth’s climate.
For example, “discoloration” of coral formations is a consequence of the global climatic warming in the region. The fact that the Great Barrier Reef is a tourist attraction would have disastrous consequences for the tourism and the fishing industry in Australia. Thanks to him, annual revenue in Australian budget from tourism in this region amounted to about two billion and 700 million dollars. According to preliminary data, any losses will amount to millions of dollars and thousands of Australians will lose their jobs.
The proposal of environmentalists is related to the concentration of tourist activity in a particular part of the reef. This will allow the rest of the Great Barrier Reef to preserve undisturbed from unwanted interference. According to biologists from the Centre for Marine Research at the University of Queensland, coral formations could not adapt to the new climatic conditions fast enough to survive in the biological environment.
The vast majority of them will die in the next 50 years due to real increase in temperatures in the region. Even the most optimistic forecast, providing warming to 2 degrees Celsius, the possibility for successful adaptation to the new air picture. Experts warn that by the middle of this century coral organisms will disappear completely and irrevocably.